Pengembangan Standard Empiris Efikasi Penerangan Listrik Untuk Mendukung Perhitungan Cepat Dalam Perancangan Instalasi Listrik

Tiyono Tiyono

Abstract


Abstract—In the process of drafting/design of electrical installations, especially in the design calculations required the installation of electric lighting fast, to soon be able to provide information about the equipment, technology, power requirements and cost required. Standard empirical efficacy of electric lighting that matches the tropics, is required to support rapid decision-making calculations, can immediately provide information about the equipment, technology, power requirements and cost involved as well as the consideration of energy-saving insights along with the development of the concept of "green building". How research includes surveys various decades building lighting intensity at UGM, spacious room, and satisfaction taste the intensity of lighting in a variety of activities. Finally, the activities of the test samples lighting, to find the type of lights that have high efficiency. From data surveys computed lighting efficacy values for the various buildings. With the analysis of generalization and priorities, both efficacy data and appetite satisfaction, priority parameter can be found. Based on priorities parameters can be made standard empirical efficacy lighting equipment, in 6 status, namely: 1. poorly (< 2W/m2), 2. most economically (between 2 W/m2 and 3 W/m2), 3. economically (between 3W/m2 and 7.5 W/m2), 4. ideally (between 7.5 W / m2 and 11W/m2), 5. luxurious (between 11W/m2 and 15W/m2) or 6. extravagant (> 15W/m2). In the hope the results of this research can be used to help solve the duration problems of electrical installation design.

Intisari—Standard empiris efikasi penerangan listrik yang cocok dengan kawasan tropis diperlukan dalam desain untuk mendukung perhitungan cepat pengambilan keputusan, yaitu segera bisa memberi informasi tentang peralatan, teknologi, kebutuhan daya listrik dan biaya yang diperlukan serta pertimbangan wawasan hemat energi seiring dengan pengembangan konsep ”green building”. Kegiatan penelitian meliputi survei instalasi penerangan gedung berbagai dekade di lingkungan UGM, untuk mengukur intensitas penerangan, luas ruangan, kenyamanan selera dalam berbagai kegiatan. Terakhir, kegiatan uji sampel lampu penerangan, untuk menemukan jenis lampu yang mempunyai efisiensi tinggi. Berbasis parameter pioritas dapat dibuat standard empiris efikasi peralatan penerangan, dalam rentang efikasi 6 status, yaitu: 1. buruk (< 2W/m2), 2. sangat hemat (antara 2W/m2 dan 3W/m2), 3. hemat (antara 3W/m2 dan 7,5W/m2), 4. ideal (antara 7,5W/m2 dan 11W/m2), 5. mewah (antara 11W/m2 dan 15W/m2 atau 6. boros (>15W/m2). Dengan harapan hasil penelitian ini bisa digunakan untuk membantu menyelesaikan persoalan waktu desain instalasi listrik.

Kata Kunci—Standard Empiris, Perhitungan Cepat, Perancangan instalasi.


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References


SNI 04-0225-2000, Persyaratan Umum Instalasi Listrik (PUIL 2000), Badan Standardisasi Nasional, 2000.

IEC 60364, Electrical Installation Guide according to IEC Imternational Standard, Schneider, 2007 (http:// the guide.schneiderelectric.com

Erika Kesuma, Pencahayaan buatan, Makalah Seminar Penghematan Energi Listrik, 2010

Yohanes Herman, Penghematan Pada Sistem Pencahayaan, Makalah Workshop, Depdiknas, 2009




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22146/jnteti.v2i3.81

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